0

APPLIED CONSULTANTS, INC. – Brief Project Review

John Fellows 3 years ago 0

M3 Midstream – Marcellus Shale: Applied Consultants has supplied Inspection for the Greenfield project for M3 Midstream in the Marcellus Shale. This project consisted of 120 miles of 24” Transmission Pipe with numerous lateral lines. The project also consisted of 2 Compressor Stations and 2 CDP’s as well as multiple HDD’s. This system is located in the remote areas of West Virginia and South West Pennsylvania. This is the first footprint for M3 in the Marcellus Shale. This project has transitioned into the Utica with Applied supplying Inspection personnel on several large Plants and pipeline projects. Applied currently has 94 Inspectors working for M3 Midstream and M3 Utica.


Pioneer Natural Resources – EFS Midstream/Eagle Ford Shale: Applied has provided inspection and engineering services to this green field project since July 2010. With Applied’s assistance, EFS Midstream was able to in quickly develop their position in the Eagle Ford trend almost 6-8 months ahead of any of their competitors. Applied currently has approximately 50 employees working in various roles on this project. To highlight this effort; six (6) large Central Gas Processing (CGPs) facilities were engineered, constructed and brought on line within 12 months. Each of these facilities consisted of 150 gpm amine plants, glycol dehydration units and 5000 bpd condensate stabilization units. Custody transfer services were also provided at these facilities for both gas and condensate. 300 miles of 8” and 12” pipelines have been laid with numerous bores, including bores under the San Antonio River and Interstate 37. This is an on-going project that continues to keep EFS Midstream as the major contender in this trend.


Hawk Field Services/Haynesville Shale Play: Applied has effectively delivered inspection and engineering services to Hawk in a grass-roots movement to develop their position in the Haynesville play since August 2008. To support the ensuing multitude of projects, Applied currently has 54 Inspectors working on these projects in the Haynesville for Hawk Field Services. Highlighted projects during this period are 59 miles and 43 miles - 16” pipelines including 2 Red River bores with an additional 65 miles of pipeline. Our inspectors also managed the installation of several meter facility interconnects to transmission lines with a collective takeaway capacity of some 685MMCFD. Applied’s engineering staff has worked or is working on the design, drafting and installation of 7 amine plants that will total approximately 1300GPM when all are complete.


Mark West/Oklahoma: The construction of a 50 mile - 24” gas pipeline began January of 2009 originating in Colgate Oklahoma and ties into Gulf South’s system near Bennington, Okla. Applied’s construction inspection services for this project and others have required a maximum level of some 40 inspectors and field staff. This project completed in June of 2009.


Energy Transfer/Barnett: Applied has worked throughout the Barnett for many years and for many companies. We have worked on several projects for ETC over this time period furnishing both inspection and engineering assistance. Some of the ETC projects Applied has furnished inspection services for are:


1) 21 miles of 36” Tolar to Cleburne including a power plant lake bore;

2) 54 mi of 24” Cleburne to Springtown; and

3) Numerous gathering interconnects in NW Barnett of some 100 miles.


Encana: Applied provides various inspection services for Encana throughout the US. Some of the inspection disciplines include:


1) Monitoring new construction for pipelines, plants, compressor stations and measurement facilities.

2) Inspection of DOT system upgrades for class location changes;

3) Injection facilities; and

4) A host of misc maintenance projects.


Our inspector staffing has routinely been between 10 to 70 Applied employees, depending on work load, for the last 3 years lending a definite level of consistency to desired goals achieved.


GMX Resources/Haynesville & Cotton Valley: Applied’s engineering department conducted detailed design for a 500MMSCFD, 18 unit single-stage Cat 3608 (2300HP) compressor station and will serve as project manager for the construction. The project also included six inlet pipelines, inlet separation, compression, SulfaTreat and four outlet pipelines. Applied also supplied design, engineering and pipeline inspection for six miles of 12” and 16” pipelines. Our contribution included project management, site plan, plot plan, foundations, P&ID, equipment specifications, piping design, and complete 3D compressor, vessel and piping drawings. The piping drawings included plan & elevation drawings, bill of materials and isometric drawings.


Tristate Midstream/Haynesville: Applied has provided plot plan & P&ID as-built drawings for six (6) compression, treating and dehydration facilities. We also provided the design and engineering of a 40 MMSCFD treating and dehydration facility. Engineering included project management, site plan, plot plan, foundations, P&ID, piping design, complete 3D vessel and piping drawings. The piping drawings included plan & elevation drawings, bill of materials and isometric drawings. We have also provided all the inspection services for these projects.


TGG Pipeline/Haynesville: Applied served as project manager providing engineering design and inspection services for a 12” HDD of the KCS Railroad along with 4.5 miles of 36” header pipeline. We also conducted the initial permitting process for a 36” dry bore of the same railway. Applied’s engineering department is presently providing the same services for a 23 mile extension of the pipeline and a 500MMSCFD, 4 unit Cat 3616 (4735hp) compressor station with treating and dehydration capability including 5 inlet pipelines and 3 sales connects. Engineering services include the complete basic design package (including those attributes noted in the GMX and Tri-State narratives above) as well as construction specifications to include a RFP for construction of the station.


TGG Pipeline/Haynesville: Included in the Basic Engineering Package are:


o Design Basis

o Block Flow Diagram & Plot Plan

o Specs for Eqpt, Piping, Elec, & Const.

o Project Schedule

o P&IDs

o Data for environmental permits

o Electrical One-Line Diagram & Plot

o Equipment List

o Instrument List

o Foundation Design

o Piping Drawings

o Bill of Materials

o Electrical Area Classification

o Power & Grounding


Petrologistics: Applied has served as project manager providing inspection services for 35 miles of 8” & 12” gas pipeline. Applied has also Project Managed and inspected over a Depropanizer plant that was built for around $46 million dollars. We have had as many as 35 inspectors and field staff with Petrologistics at one time to complete their projects.


Crosstex Energy: We have worked on several projects for Crosstex over the last 4 years furnishing both inspection and engineering assistance. Some of the Crosstex projects Applied has furnished inspection services for are:


1) 12 miles of 20” West Weatherford Loop Line

2) 10 miles of 8” & 10” Benbrook Line

3) Numerous ESB Systems and Compressor Stations


Chesapeake Energy – Barnett, Haynsville, Eagle Ford, Marcellus Shales: Applied has provided inspection and engineering services to Chesapeake in these main shale’s but also in several other remote locations. Applied Consultants has become a valued client of Chesapeake’s and has helped build gathering systems, Plants, Compressor Station, Meters, etc. Currently we have over 120 inspectors working throughout the United States for Chesapeake and still growing.


0

Top 5 bizarre interview questions and how to answer them

Monty Kennar 3 years ago 0


There’s an apocryphal story that has been bandied about for years, about an interview where the interviewer asked a candidate: “Do something to surprise me”. The interviewee got out his lighter and set fire to the interviewer’s newspaper. It’s not an action we would advise emulating, but very definitely comes under the heading of utterly incomprehensible interview questions.


Why do these questions get asked?


"Why do these questions get asked" is a tricky question to answer, but as it appears to have started in Silicon Valley during the tech boom its roots are likely to be found in the free-thinking, mould-breaking philosophy that many of the tech pioneers applied to their businesses.

Ultimately for some interviewer it’s about unearthing someone who offers more than just “can you do the job”. Wall Street soon followed suit and the practice has become more commonplace. The question for most of us is not why are they asked but how do I answer them?


First and foremost you should remember there isn’t a right answer, depending on the nature of the question, which these questions are about your thought processes, your coolness under pressure, your personality and your approach to problem solving. What you don’t do is say, “I don’t know”, or “that’s a good question” and stare off into space. Let’s take the question: “How many cricket bats are there in the world?” You could either pluck an answer out of thin air: “Three million?”, or go about figuring out how to work it out. “Well, if the population of the sporting public in the UK is X, and a tenth of them play cricket, then that’s XX for the UK, plus another X for the cricketing population in India…” etc. This is the sort of approach the employer would be looking for.


Five types of questions you might encounter


1. Lots of these questions fall along the lines of if you were a colour/an animal/a garden gnome/a car/a food/a computer application (yes, really) what one would you be and why? Try to think of the qualities of the object and how they might relate to your skills or character.


2. What are all the different uses you can think of for a lemon? Apparently asked during an interview for an airline pilot, this type of question is designed to find out how much of a creative thinker you are.


3. Who would you invite to a dinner party/what superhero/movie character would you be/who is your role model? In other words, what character traits do you most admire in other people and why? Think about what specific things they have achieved and what it is about those achievements that you admire so much.


4. How many people will be on Facebook in New York on a Friday afternoon? There are a raft of questions that are much more technical in nature and much more aligned to the role you are seeking. This question was aimed at a marketing executive, and was probing how well they understand the use of social media around the world.


5. Tell me a story. This is a firm favourite, and represents a golden opportunity for you to tell a work-related anecdote that is also relevant to the role in question and also illustrates how you see other people and the world around you.


Preparation, preparation, preparation


This is the key to a good interview. However, these questions are not something that you can easily prepare for. If your job is a technical one, brush up on your technical knowledge. If it’s a creative role, keep a clear head and try to analyse how you would approach some of these types of questions. Above all, expect the unexpected!

0

Metropolitan Wireless International: Mobile Solutions in Modern Times

Eric V. Helfrich 3 years ago 0

We currently live in a world where almost everyone else has their own smartphone, laptop or tablet. Communicating with the world has been made easier with those devices, and apparently, mobile solutions are one of the major catalysts of this great change in communication.


A recent study says that there are more searches now on mobile than on desktop, mainly because mobile solutions greatly benefit an individual or a business with its great accessibility. This also shows the massive importance of mobile solutions to the current generation.


It is no surprise that lots of organizations around the world, along with MWI Consultants, are creating mobile solutions these days to fulfill the needs of the society. The rise of media companies applying mobile strategies is like lightning during the past years and keeps on increasing at a scorching pace today.


Modern businesses and organizations already profit from mobile solutions, while other companies expect to generate revenue within two years from their apps. Social media also has an enormous presence worldwide with its users ranging from millions to billions, and a lot of companies are taking advantage of this by promoting their products and services through such sites.


MWI consultants views applying mobile solutions to your business as a smart choice. Consider putting your business online where your customers can purchase your products or services while they are using their mobile devices, then witness your business achieve an increase in sales after a certain period of time.


Mobile advertising sales can also multiply in the following years due to the trend in mobile solutions and because the mobile marketplace is progressively getting better over the years. Metropolitan Wireless International recommends creating social media accounts for your business since it is crucial these days to have a better communication with your customers. Looking at how things are going today, mobile solutions are indeed important to any individuals and businesses.

0

Metropolitan Wireless International: Mobile Solutions in Modern Times

Margarita D. Nolan 3 years ago 0

We currently live in a world where almost everyone else has their own smartphone, laptop or tablet. Communicating with the world has been made easier with those devices, and apparently, mobile solutions are one of the major catalysts of this great change in communication.


A recent study says that there are more searches now on mobile than on desktop, mainly because mobile solutions greatly benefit an individual or a business with its great accessibility. This also shows the massive importance of mobile solutions to the current generation.


It is no surprise that lots of organizations around the world, along with MWI Consultants, are creating mobile solutions these days to fulfill the needs of the society. The rise of media companies applying mobile strategies is like lightning during the past years and keeps on increasing at a scorching pace today.


Modern businesses and organizations already profit from mobile solutions, while other companies expect to generate revenue within two years from their apps. Social media also has an enormous presence worldwide with its users ranging from millions to billions, and a lot of companies are taking advantage of this by promoting their products and services through such sites.


MWI consultants views applying mobile solutions to your business as a smart choice. Consider putting your business online where your customers can purchase your products or services while they are using their mobile devices, then witness your business achieve an increase in sales after a certain period of time.


Mobile advertising sales can also multiply in the following years due to the trend in mobile solutions and because the mobile marketplace is progressively getting better over the years. Metropolitan Wireless International recommends creating social media accounts for your business since it is crucial these days to have a better communication with your customers. Looking at how things are going today, mobile solutions are indeed important to any individuals and businesses.

0

International Financial Corporation Securities Regulatory Commission World Bank Group on Changing the Energy Landscape in Central America

Yair Wood 3 years ago 0

Central American residents pay nearly twice as much to keep their lights on as do their neighbors in South America. The high energy costs hurt the region’s businesses and its residents, hampering job creation and making it harder for people to improve their lives.

Soaring electricity rates have long burdened Central America, as the region is highly dependent on imported fossil fuel and at the mercy of fluctuating oil prices. At the same time, rising demand is putting pressure on the region to expand its capacity to generate electricity. It is crucial that the region develop alternate power sources to lower costs, ease the reliance on fuel imports, and reduce carbon emissions.


To tackle this challenge, IFC has supported private sector developers and financed a series of projects in the region—building on our decades of experience in supporting electricity generation, transmission, and distribution upgrades in developing countries.


The latest one is AES Colón—Central America’s first integrated plant that generates power from liquefied natural gas. In July, we completed a $150 million financing package for the construction and operation of the 380-megawatt plant, which will help mitigate the risk of electricity shortages while introducing a clean, cost-effective, and reliable energy source


CUTTING CARBON EMISSIONS


Natural gas—a cheaper and cleaner alternative to fossil fuels—holds great potential as a source of energy in Central America. The region currently relies on heavy fuel oil and diesel for over 40 percent of its installed generation capacity.


Over the past decade, Central America struggled to get natural gas projects off the ground. These plants demand large investment, and the energy markets in the region were not big enough to attract investors. As a whole, Central America has roughly the same capacity to generate electricity as Colombia, further south.


IFC is helping to change that. Located on Panama’s Atlantic coast, AES Colón includes an onshore terminal where liquefied natural gas is regasified to feed the power plant. The facility is sponsored by AES Corporation and Panama-based Motta Group.


By its third year of operation, AES Colón is expected to generate 2,100 gigawatt hours of power which would otherwise be produced using heavy fuel and diesel. This will represent a reduction of about 1 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions each year—the equivalent of taking more than 200,000 cars off the road. Once operational, the project is expected to reduce Panama’s carbon dioxide emissions by about 4 percent.


In addition to reducing carbon emissions, natural gas complements renewable energy by ensuring a steady supply of clean power that is able to balance the inherent variability of wind and solar energy.


POWER FOR SUSTAINABLE GROWTH


Since 2010, IFC has supported the implementation of over 900 MW of new renewable energy capacity in Central America, including 215 MW of wind and 215 megawatt-peak of solar photovoltaic projects, helping offset a slowdown in the construction of hydropower projects in the region.


In Panama, we have provided a $300 million financing package for the Penonome wind power plant, the largest wind farm in Central America. The project is expected to generate the equivalent to 5 percent of the country’s total energy demand. In Honduras, we have recently supported three of the first large-scale grid-connected solar projects in the country.


In Costa Rica, the Reventazón 305-MW hydropower plant we are supporting will bring light to half a million homes. In recent years, we have also financed a 72-MW geothermal plant in Nicaragua and 123 MW of run-of-the-river hydroelectricity projects in Panama and Honduras—where little or no water storage is necessary.


From Panama to Costa Rica through Nicaragua and on to Honduras, new renewable and clean-energy projects are helping transform Central America’s energy landscape and demonstrate that the region can develop the power infrastructure it needs to grow sustainably.

0

Pro Axia Consultants Business Consulting Group Japan Company Policy

Joshuyo Yamato 3 years ago 0

We, customer satisfaction, a relationship of trust with our customers in the first we will offer the service. We aim to company forward to once again permanently development with customers. We will create a company with job satisfaction and cooperation among employees is each other.


CEO message

Core Systems Japan received access to the Corporation home page, thank you very much.

The aim of our opinion, the complexity of the ERP system that many of our customers have been with your global standard, to take advantage of the user-friendly and up-to-date of the application, there is to support the optimization of your business processes you.


Operating and maintenance personnel, in-house ERP system, via the cloud, at anytime, from anywhere, you can access to meet the need. In addition to the complex business processes, 75,000 user customers from medium-sized with a lot of branches and subsidiaries to large enterprises have been available in all the world. Watakushi us of the product is that you use the customers of the business processes to simple, it is because it is possible to improve the efficiency. Going forward, we will do our all employees our best to be able to provide you as promised to the customer, or bring more value-added services. We would like to ask more of your understanding, for your support in the future.


Core Systems Japan Co., Ltd.

President and CEO Yoshihiko Maeda


Corporate history


February 2013

Company formation

(Proaxia Consulting Group Ag, Inc. and core systems ag company and exclusive distributor agreemen
0

MWI Consultants Asbestos Sampling and Abatement

Oishi Yuri 3 years ago 0

Consultation to identify asbestos-containing materials and to determine remedial measures necessary to remove, minimize or control the hazards associated with asbestos.


Asbestos is a naturally occurring silicate mineral with long, thin fibrous crystals. The mineral was widely used in a large number of applications, particularly as a flame retardant or insulating material. Asbestos has also been found in many products around the home or office, including clapboard, roofing shingles, attic insulation (vermiculite), exterior siding, pipe and boiler covering, cement, caulking, roof patching material, furnace cement, driveway coatings, wallboard, textured and latex paints, acoustical ceiling tiles, wall plaster, vinyl floor tiles, appliance wiring, hair dryers, irons and ironing board pads.


MWI Consultants


In general, the use of asbestos has been discontinued due to the adverse health effects from inhalation of asbestos fibers. Asbestos is considered a designated material under the Controlled Products Regulations and is a known carcinogen. Chronic exposure to asbestos can lead to asbestosis and mesothelioma (a type of lung cancer), amongst others.


According to Part 36, section 36.5(1) (b) of the Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Regulation 217/2006, the occupational exposure limit of a designated material must be as close to zero as is reasonably practicable, but shall not exceed the Threshold Limit Value (TLV) established by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). The Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Division recognizes the level as close to zero as is reasonably practicable for all forms of asbestos as 0.1 fibres per cubic centimeter of air (f/cc or f/cm3), which matches the TLV established by ACGIH.


Creation of an inventory of asbestos-containing materials

If you are unsure which materials in a property contain asbestos, then one of the first tasks would be to prepare an asbestos inventory. According to law, employers are responsible for ensuring that asbestos-containing materials (ACM) are identified. Part 37.1 of the Workplace Safety and Health Regulation states that any material suspected of containing asbestos is considered to contain asbestos until it is proven to be asbestos-free. This involves a thorough inspection of the entire building (commercial/industrial) for any items which could potentially contain asbestos. Bulk samples of suspected materials are taken and analyzed for asbestos type and content.


Asbestos-Containing Materials are identified and their current condition is evaluated. If the materials are in good condition, a control program can be implemented. If materials are heavily damaged or in poor condition, or if asbestos fibers are detected in the air, then an abatement project may be necessary.


Bulk samples to identify asbestos-containing materials


Workplaces are required to know all asbestos-containing materials in the workplace. If it is suspected that asbestos-containing materials (ACM) may be present, then bulk sampling to determine asbestos content would be warranted, especially prior to any type of significant construction work or renovations that may disturb the material.


Asbestos Abatement Projects


The specific approach will vary with each project, and our services are always tailored to suit your specific needs, however where removal of asbestos-containing materials is necessary, our services can include any or all of the following:


Determination of the scope of work, including the appropriate requirements outlined by regulations.


Selecting contractors for the abatement. Removal of asbestos should only be done by trained professionals. Depending on the level of contamination, the amount of asbestos-containing material, the location, and the type of material, special precautions need to be taken.


Set-up and consultation for the project.


Oversight, inspections and monitoring based on Manitoba Department of Labour guidelines.

Set-up of a negative pressure enclosure monitor/logger (OmniGuard IV) to continuously monitor the negative pressure differential and to log alarm conditions, based on requirements in Workplace Safety and Health Guidelines for working with asbestos.


Perimeter monitoring and inspections to ensure the integrity of the enclosure has not been compromised and to ensure asbestos fibres are contained within the abatement enclosure and that background levels of asbestos are not affected.


Post-Abatement clearance sampling within the enclosure according to requirements in Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health guidelines. Analysis is performed using phase-contrast microscopy following NIOSH 7400 (A Rules) methodologies. All laboratory analyses are performed by accredited laboratories.


Full, comprehensive report providing interpretation of laboratory results and project overview

If you require an abatement to remove hazards associated with asbestos-containing materials, or are unsure whether or not materials contain asbestos, please fill out the "request a quote" form and we will contact you to determine an appropriate course of action or call 1 (204) 981-7690 to discuss your requirements.

0

MWI Consultants Workplace Exposure Assessments

Oishi Yuri 3 years ago 0

Workplace exposure assessments involve determining which chemical or biological hazards exist within the workplace and then sampling to determine if levels are within tolerances established by ACGIH, as required by the Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Act (Part 36). Consulting services would include an evaluation of the workplace, determination of applicable chemical substances to be analyzed, collection of the samples and interpretation of the results.


Samples are collected according to NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) or other applicable standards and are analyzed by laboratories accredited by AIHA (American Industrial Hygiene Association), CALA (Canadian Association for Laboratory Accreditation) or other applicable agency.


MWI Consultants


We offer a wide variety of services related to workplace exposure assessments, including the following services:


  • Welding exposure assessments, including metals analysis according NIOSH Method 7303 and NIOSH 0500/0600 md-Gravimetric Hygiene Methods. This could include situations where it had been found by Manitoba Labour and Immigration Workplace Safety and Health Division that the assessments of chemical and biological substances in the workplace were absent or not adequate.
  • Workplace exposure to specific chemicals present in the workplace. Examples would include exposures to chemicals used in printing applications, paint spray booths (isocyanates), industrial solvents (xylene, toluene and more), resin coating, industrial strippers, paints and glues. Testing can be performed for short-term exposures, longer-term exposures, single day testing, or testing can be repeated over a certain period.
  • Noise Level Assessments. Noise levels can be a significant health and safety issue in some workplaces. A noise assessment survey can be done to determine noise levels either at different times of the day, or with different types of equipment in operation. As these types of surveys are highly customized, we would recommend contacting us with the details of your particular situation in order to proceed.

A comprehensive final report will be prepared, including an interpretation of the results against current and proposed occupational exposure limits published by ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists), as well as any recommendations regarding general ventilation rates or the level of respiratory protection or other personal protective equipment that would be appropriate.


If you are interested in sampling for occupational exposures but are unsure as to how to proceed, please fill out the “request a quote” form and we will contact you to determine an appropriate course of action.

0

A Good Review of MWI Consultants’ Solutions to Noise Pollution

Jenine Blaine 3 years ago 0

Noise can be a great source of stress for people of all ages, and more so for the elderly and those who have a low tolerance to noise due to physiological or psychological reasons. In general, however, noise at a certain level provides an unhealthful environmental for normal and healthful living. The extreme conditions that drive people beyond the limits of sanity is a common situation: a neighbor who, after ten years, finally breaks down and kills a neighbor who cannot bring down his music volume. In many cases, just the humdrum of the vehicles in a city over a long period can cause some people to develop hypertension or insomnia and the corresponding more serious illnesses that develop from either condition.


In the workplace, conditions are maintained to provide a desirable occupational atmosphere. In offices, noise cannot be allowed to go beyond a low decibel allowable for quiet thinking and conversation. In factories, the noise of equipment and other noise sources (outdoor traffic, ambient noise from commercial establishments, etc.) should be regulated through the use of noise-reduction techniques: double-walled partitions, ear plugs, curtains, etc.


In our modern scientific era, it is no longer enough to depend on arbitrary means to determine what is healthful and what unhealthful noise-level is. Neither can people merely tolerate noise levels beyond the normal threshold. Technology allows us to measure and control noise levels in order to ascertain that the health of workers and other people concerned is safeguarded and maintained. For those who may not be aware, there are professional consultants, such as MWI Consultants, that provide exactly this kind of service.


Noise level determination will no longer be done through guesswork or merely using arbitrary standards which will vary according to environment or people. Environmental standards set by public ordinances or regulations provide a benchmark (the “no-complaint” zone) upon which anyone can set comfortable levels of ambient noise in any situation.

0

A Good Review of MWI Consultants’ Solutions to Noise Pollution

Oishi Yuri 3 years ago 0


Noise can be a great source of stress for people of all ages, and more so for the elderly and those who have a low tolerance to noise due to physiological or psychological reasons. In general, however, noise at a certain level provides an unhealthful environmental for normal and healthful living. The extreme conditions that drive people beyond the limits of sanity is a common situation: a neighbor who, after ten years, finally breaks down and kills a neighbor who cannot bring down his music volume. In many cases, just the humdrum of the vehicles in a city over a long period can cause some people to develop hypertension or insomnia and the corresponding more serious illnesses that develop from either condition.


In the workplace, conditions are maintained to provide a desirable occupational atmosphere. In offices, noise cannot be allowed to go beyond a low decibel allowable for quiet thinking and conversation. In factories, the noise of equipment and other noise sources (outdoor traffic, ambient noise from commercial establishments, etc.) should be regulated through the use of noise-reduction techniques: double-walled partitions, ear plugs, curtains, etc.


In our modern scientific era, it is no longer enough to depend on arbitrary means to determine what is healthful and what unhealthful noise-level is. Neither can people merely tolerate noise levels beyond the normal threshold. Technology allows us to measure and control noise levels in order to ascertain that the health of workers and other people concerned is safeguarded and maintained. For those who may not be aware, there are professional consultants, such as MWI Consultants, that provide exactly this kind of service.


Noise level determination will no longer be done through guesswork or merely using arbitrary standards which will vary according to environment or people. Environmental standards set by public ordinances or regulations provide a benchmark (the “no-complaint” zone) upon which anyone can set comfortable levels of ambient noise in any situation.